Esztergom (River Danube)
Esztergom was the capital of Hungary from the 10th till the mid-13th century when King Béla IV of Hungary moved the royal seat to Buda.
The royal palace was built by Geza fejedelem then taken over by his son, I.Istvan king of Hungary in the X. century on Castle hill which stands next to the Basilica. Then King Bela III (1172-1196) had his seat in the castle. Several bastions, gates, round bastions and the remains of the connecting walls with their Gothic and Renaissance details and Baroque modifications add style and magnitude to the castle.
They are also significant in the history of Esztergom; they truly illustrate the former capital's importance and prosperity. From an artistic point of view, the remains of the palace of King Béla III are the most significant as these are among the most impressive architectural heritage, not only of the history of Esztergom, but of Arpadian Hungary. These palace remains, which were destroyed and buried during the sieges at the time of the Turkish occupation, were uncovered and restored between 1934 and 1938.
The so-called Upper Castle (felsővár) consists of the remains of the palace and the chapel of the royal archbishop, the former palace of the archbishop, the pedestrian's Danube gate, the northern large rondella, the eastern gate tower (the Telegdy bastion and Buda bastion), the Turkish bastion and the chapel of the royal castle. The Castle Museum operates in the reconstructed buildings.
Esztergom is part of our Danube Bend Tour, write to us if interested with English or German guide available. firstname.lastname@example.org
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